The Art of Caricature: In conversation with Dilshan Fernando

Jun 10 2022. views 194


A series of caricatures of prominent political personalities recently did their rounds on social media. Many of them coincided with the prevailing political and economic crisis. The artist, Dilshan Fernando, is more or less a self-taught caricature artist who is in the process of mastering the art of caricature drawings. “When we draw caricatures, we look at a feature that is significant to that person,” he explained in an interview with the Daily Mirror Life. “For example, if we draw J. R. Jayawardena we concentrate on his nose. Therefore we try to exaggerate certain features in order to highlight a character.”

Having studied art until O/Ls, Fernando later joined Vibhavi Academy of Fine Arts in 2004.“I was at the Academy till 2010 and I specialised in landscape drawings. Thereafter I left for Dubai as I took up an art-related profession. I was aware of caricatures but I always thought that landscapes and portraits were powerful modes of communication. While I was in Dubai, my superior introduced me to caricature paintings in more detail. There are places in Dubai where you cannot even paint a butterfly. I was only allowed to paint fruits in the area where I lived. We couldn’t draw figures. When I came back I wanted to do something of my own. Then from 2010 until 2015, I did many self-portraits but due to a personal issue, I burnt all of them. From classical to abstract I distorted my face and since I haven’t tried my hand at caricatures I wanted to experiment more. Since December 2017 I have been drawing caricatures.”

Fernando uses everything from pencils to charcoal and pastels to add more depth to his drawings. 
When asked about how people comprehend satire, he said that people are still not familiar with satire. “It doesn’t have to be caricatures, people don’t understand many genres of art. That too is understood by a niche community, often in Colombo and suburbs. If people in the outskirts are to be literate about arts, it has to start with education. Many people know about the Mona Lisa painting but they don’t know the artist. It’s the same when it comes to my drawings as well. This is a disadvantage to an artist and it’s always a challenge to spread the message across.”

However, Fernando feels that the Galle Face protest is a starting point for a change in the mindsets of people. “When we draw a caricature we link it to a certain incident or something that the person has said,” he explained further. “If we take Francisco de Goya, a caricature artist in Spain, his portraits are distortions with colours, medals, etc. But the paintings look like dead bodies. I have participated in international contests and I know a few renowned caricature artists. In Sri Lanka, cartoonists think that caricatures are about having an enlarged face and a tiny body. But it’s the face that needs to be distorted. More than being funny there’s a lot to do with portraying emotions.”

When asked about the role of art in a people’s struggle, Fernando recalled the May 9 violence. “One of the first places they burned down was the art gallery. That is the best example I can think of. That itself shows the impact of art during a revolution. This is not to say that the threats have ended there. We do get disturbing messages from people who think we are affiliated with a certain political party. In reality, we are independent artists. This is the first time protests of this nature happened in Sri Lanka and I think we have achieved a lot from this people’s struggle.”

He further said that he has given permission to use his caricatures and other artworks. “We cannot think of copyrights at this point. I have taught art free of charge. My problem is that the younger generation is not keen to learn about art. They try to commercialise the industry. But art is not a job.”

Fernando says that one of the biggest weaknesses in the art industry is that those involved are not willing to experiment with novel concepts. “If somebody does a creation, others tend to copy and replicate that concept. It’s alright to follow but they shouldn’t copy because they will lose their identity. Many feel that it’s more convenient to copy somebody else’s work and put their signature and make it their own. The younger generation shouldn’t follow this trend.”

“I aspire to do a caricature exhibition in the future,” he said, talking about future aspirations. “I firstly need to study the depths of caricature drawings. Some of them got destroyed while moving houses and with the pandemic and the prevailing crisis this plan got delayed. But an exhibition is definitely on the cards,” he said in his concluding remarks. 

 


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Kamanthi Wickramasinghe

A psychology graduate who eventually became a journalist to be a voice for unheard voices. A proud Sri Lankan - Thalassophile - Travel fan - Nature lover - Chocoholic - Extraordinarily loud - Frequent laughaholic. Follow me on Instagram - @kamzylifeTM or FB – Kamanthi Wickramasinghe


1 Comments

  1. Max Gerreyn says:

    A huge `appudi' to young Dilshan on his views on caricature and cartoon. As one of the dinosaurs from the first 40 years of my life in the country that was still Ceylon when I simply had Hobson's choice as to whether I should emigrate or not I empathise with every aspect of Dilshan's sermon. However I have to abort a very strong desire to wax loud and long on the SPECIALISED category of artist that is a CARTOONIST/CARICATURIST as I would certainly need at least a modicum of 5 columns press space just as introduction. Way back in the mid 1950's - very likely prior to even Dilshan's grandparents existence the great late Aubrey Collette held and exhibition of the leading political social and sporting personalities of the day at the hallowed National ;Art Gallery which i believe still survives in Greeen Path?...Collette used mainly ink and pastels in rendering the 75 `masterpieces of CARTOON wizardry that to this day - in my 85th year still tingles my recall centre...I urge Dilshan to contact the Gallery or previous records of the Observer and Times groups of newspapers and be further enlightened and motivated. I can modestly rant with some pride as my late elder brother Mark Gerreyn held sway as Sri Lanka's leading International Award winning political and feature humour politival and

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